Arthroplasty in Turkey
Arthroplasty (Shoulder, Elbow, Hip, Knee, and Ankle), or joint replacement, is a procedure performed to replace a diseased or painful part of the joint by prosthetic artificial metal or plastic parts. It improves the motion and eliminates the consequences of diseases and trauma, like arthritis or injury.
Replacements can be partial (for the diseased part of the joint) or total (for all the articulating parts of the joint’s bones). Some patients are eligible for the use of robotic-assisted technologies in their replacement surgeries, allowing for unparalleled accuracy and precision.
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Resurfacing Procedure in Turkey
Resurfacing is an alternative procedure to replace a damaged joint. It is a type of joint replacement, but instead of replacing the whole joint components, as in the typical arthroplasty procedures, the surgeon caps the heads of the damaged bones with a smooth metal covering to solve issues with mobility, after removing tiny painful parts of the diseased joints.
Benefits of Resurfacing surgery compared to the traditional full joint replacement
With the development of resurfacing surgery, many advantages exist for resurfacing surgery compared to the traditional full joint replacement.
- Smaller Device: It is smaller than a traditional total joint device. With a smaller device the recovery is quicker.
- Reduction in the Bone removed: Resurfacing literally means retreading the bone with a metal prosthesis. Therefore, there is a significant decrease in the amount of bone removed. Only a very small amount of bone needs to be removed. Hence the bone does not need to be damaged.
- Decrease in Complication Rates: Resurfacing surgery greatly reduces the disruption of the joint, therefore providing a shorter recovery period and a decrease in some complications. There is a dramatic reduction of dislocation rates and a reduction to the problem of lengthening or shortening of the leg.
- Shorter Recovery Time: Most hip patients are walking 4 hours after surgery. Total time spent in hospital is approximately 2 days. Within 2 weeks, most patients are back driving, resuming most of their normal activities. Hip resurfacing dramatically improves quality of life. For total hip replacement most people remain in hospital for 5-6 days and remain off driving for 6 weeks.
- More stable hip: Because hip replacements use a smaller ball (to allow thicker plastic for longer wear) the range of movement is less and the dislocation rate greater (up to 1 in a 25). The hip resurfacing has a dislocation rate of less than 1 in 500 because the ball is not removed and remains the same size as the patient’s original hip. The range of movement is greater. Because the hip is more stable and feels more normal, the recovery is quicker and the function generally better.
- Ease of Revision: Because hip resurfacing does not damage the thigh bone, when they fail they can be more easily converted to a total hip replacement. This is important in young patients who wear out total hip replacements, because it saves this procedure as a later option when they are older.